Anaemia and Family Income are associated with Preeclampsia Maternal Death in Jember District, Indonesia

Authors

  • Mergy Gayatri Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia 65145; Center for Health Financing Policy and Health Insurance Management, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia 55281
  • Nurul Fathiyyah Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia 65145
  • Jesica Mulyadi Universitas Brawijaya https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7406-2445
  • Diadjeng Setya Wardani Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia 65145; Center for Health Financing Policy and Health Insurance Management, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia 55281
  • I Wayan Agung Indrawan Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55561/ajhr.v1i2.45

Abstract

Introduction: Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-related complication causing maternal morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to determine the relationship between anaemia and family income, and maternal death from preeclampsia in Jember district.

Materials and Methods: Case-control, using medical maternal autopsy verbal, from January 2016 to December 2019. 43 mortality cases from preeclampsia, and 43 controls were included in this study. Chi-square test was to test the relationship between anaemia and family income, and maternal death from preeclampsia.

Results: Mothers who died from preeclampsia were more likely to have anaemia (83.72%), and being low income (86.05%). Anaemia (OR 3.703, 95% CI p-value 0.009) and low income (OR 4.032, 95% CI, p –value 0.007) were associated with preeclampsia maternal mortality.

Conclusions: To  reduce the prevalence of death from preeclampsia, preventive measurement for anaemia during pregnancy should be undertaken. In addition, women with low income during pregnancy should be encouraged to have health insurance.

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Published

2022-07-28